Transition in Iraq: Primetime Address from the Oval Office
December 18, 2005
Good evening. Three days ago, in large numbers, Iraqis went to the
polls to choose their own leaders—a landmark day in the history of
liberty. In coming weeks, the ballots will be counted, a new government
formed, and a people who suffered in tyranny for so long will become
full members of the free world.
This election will not mean the end of violence. But it is the
beginning of something new: constitutional democracy at the heart of the
Middle East. And this vote—6,000 miles away, in a vital region of the
world—means that America has an ally of growing strength in the fight
All who had a part in this achievement—Iraqis, Americans, and
Coalition partners—can be proud. Yet our work is not done. There is
more testing and sacrifice before us. I know many Americans have
questions about the cost and direction of this war. So tonight I want
to talk to you about how far we have come in Iraq, and the path that
From this office, nearly three years ago, I announced the start of
military operations in Iraq. Our Coalition confronted a regime that
defied United Nations Security Council Resolutions, violated a
cease-fire agreement, sponsored terrorism, and possessed, we believed,
weapons of mass destruction. After the swift fall of Baghdad, we found
mass graves filled by a dictator, we found some capacity to restart
programs to produce weapons of mass destruction, but we did not find
It is true that Saddam Hussein had a history of pursuing and using
weapons of mass destruction. It is true that he systematically
concealed those programs, and blocked the work of UN weapons inspectors.
It is true that many nations believed that Saddam had weapons of mass
destruction. But much of the intelligence turned out to be wrong. And
as your President, I am responsible for the decision to go into Iraq.
Yet it was right to remove Saddam Hussein from power. He was given an
ultimatum—and he made his choice for war. And the result of that war
was to rid the world of a murderous dictator who menaced his people,
invaded his neighbors, and declared America to be his enemy. Saddam
Hussein, captured and jailed, is still the same raging tyrant—only now
without a throne. His power to harm a single man, woman, or child is
gone forever. And the world is better for it.
Since the removal of Saddam, this war—like other wars in our history—has been difficult. The mission of American troops in urban raids and
desert patrols—fighting Saddam loyalists and foreign terrorists—has
brought danger and suffering and loss. This loss has caused sorrow for
our whole Nation—and it has led some to ask if we are creating more
problems than we are solving.
That is an important question, and the answer depends on your view of
the war on terror. If you think the terrorists would become peaceful if
only America would stop provoking them, then it might make sense to
leave them alone.
This is not the threat I see. I see a global terrorist movement that
exploits Islam in the service of radical political aims—a vision in
which books are burned, and women are oppressed, and all dissent is
crushed. Terrorist operatives conduct their campaign of murder with a
set of declared and specific goals—to de-moralize free nations, to
drive us out of the Middle East, to spread an empire of fear across that
region, and to wage a perpetual war against America and our friends.
These terrorists view the world as a giant battlefield—and they seek
to attack us wherever they can. This has attracted al Qaida to Iraq,
where they are attempting to frighten and intimidate America into a
policy of retreat.
The terrorists do not merely object to American actions in Iraq and
elsewhere—they object to our deepest values and our way of life. And
if we were not fighting them in Iraq ... in Afghanistan, in Southeast
Asia, and in other places, the terrorists would not be peaceful citizens—they would be on the offense, and headed our way.
September 11th, 2001 required us to take every emerging threat to our
country seriously, and it shattered the illusion that terrorists attack
us only after we provoke them. On that day, we were not in Iraq, we
were not in Afghanistan, but the terrorists attacked us anyway—and
killed nearly 3,000 men, women, and children in our own country. My
conviction comes down to this: We do not create terrorism by fighting
the terrorists. We invite terrorism by ignoring them. And we will
defeat the terrorists by capturing and killing them abroad, removing
their safe havens, and strengthening new allies like Iraq and
Afghanistan in the fight we share.
This work has been especially difficult in Iraq—more difficult than we
expected. Reconstruction efforts and the training of Iraqi Security
Forces started more slowly than we hoped. We continue to see violence
and suffering, caused by an enemy that is determined and brutal—unconstrained by conscience or the rules of war.
Some look at the challenges in Iraq, and conclude that the war is lost,
and not worth another dime or another day. I don't believe that. Our
military commanders do not believe that. Our troops in the field, who
bear the burden and make the sacrifice, do not believe that America has
lost. And not even the terrorists believe it. We know from their own
communications that they feel a tightening noose—and fear the rise of
a democratic Iraq.
The terrorists will continue to have the coward's power to plant
roadside bombs and recruit suicide bombers. And you will continue to
see the grim results on the evening news. This proves that the war is
difficult—it does not mean that we are losing. Behind the images of
chaos that terrorists create for the cameras, we are making steady gains
with a clear objective in view.
America, our Coalition, and Iraqi leaders are working toward the same
goal—a democratic Iraq that can defend itself, that will never again
be a safe haven for terrorists and that will serve as a model of freedom
for the Middle East.
We have put in place a strategy to achieve this goal—a strategy I have
been discussing in detail over the last few weeks. This plan has three
First, our Coalition will remain on the offense—finding and clearing
out the enemy ... transferring control of more territory to Iraqi units
... and building up the Iraqi Security Forces so they can increasingly
lead the fight. At this time last year, there were only a handful of
Iraqi army and police battalions ready for combat. Now, there are more
than 125 Iraqi combat battalions fighting the enemy ... more than 50 are
taking the lead ... and we have transferred more than a dozen military
bases to Iraqi control.
Second, we are helping the Iraqi government establish the institutions
of a unified and lasting democracy, in which all of Iraq's peoples are
included and represented. Here also, the news is encouraging. Three
days ago, more than 10 million Iraqis went to the polls—including many
Sunni Iraqis who had boycotted national elections last January. Iraqis
of every background are recognizing that democracy is the future of the
country they love—and they want their voices heard. One Iraqi, after
dipping his finger in the purple ink as he cast his ballot, stuck his
finger in the air and said: "This is a thorn in the eyes of the
terrorists." Another voter was asked, "Are you Sunni or Shia?" He
responded, "I am Iraqi."
Third, after a number of setbacks, our Coalition is moving forward with
a reconstruction plan to revive Iraq's economy and infrastructure—and
to give Iraqis confidence that a free life will be a better life. Today
in Iraq, seven in 10 Iraqis say their lives are going well—and nearly
two-thirds expect things to improve even more in the year ahead.
Despite the violence, Iraqis are optimistic—and that optimism is
In all three aspects of our strategy—security, democracy, and
reconstruction—we have learned from our experiences, and fixed what
has not worked. We will continue to listen to honest criticism, and
make every change that will help us complete the mission. Yet there is
a difference between honest critics who recognize what is wrong, and
defeatists who refuse to see that anything is right.
Defeatism may have its partisan uses, but it is not justified by the
facts. For every scene of destruction in Iraq, there are more scenes of
rebuilding and hope. For every life lost, there are countless more
lives reclaimed. And for every terrorist working to stop freedom in
Iraq, there are many more Iraqis and Americans working to defeat them.
My fellow citizens: Not only can we win the war in Iraq—we are
winning the war in Iraq.
It is also important for every American to understand the consequences
of pulling out of Iraq before our work is done. We would abandon our
Iraqi friends—and signal to the world that America cannot be trusted
to keep its word. We would undermine the morale of our troops—by
betraying the cause for which they have sacrificed. We would cause
tyrants in the Middle East to laugh at our failed resolve, and tighten
their repressive grip. We would hand Iraq over to enemies who have
pledged to attack us—and the global terrorist movement would be
emboldened and more dangerous than ever before. To retreat before
victory would be an act of recklessness and dishonor, and I will not
We are approaching a New Year, and there are certain things all
Americans can expect to see. We will see more sacrifice—from our
military, their families, and the Iraqi people. We will see a concerted
effort to improve Iraqi police forces and fight corruption. We will see
the Iraqi military gaining strength and confidence, and the democratic
process moving forward. As these achievements come, it should require
fewer American troops to accomplish our mission. I will make decisions
on troop levels based on the progress we see on the ground and the
advice of our military leaders—not based on artificial timetables set
by politicians in Washington. Our forces in Iraq are on the road to
victory—and that is the road that will take them home.
In the months ahead, all Americans will have a part in the success of
this war. Members of Congress will need to provide resources for our
military. Our men and women in uniform, who have done so much already,
will continue their brave and urgent work. And tonight, I ask all of
you listening to carefully consider the stakes of this war, to realize
how far we have come and the good we are doing ... and to have patience
in this difficult, noble, and necessary cause.
I also want to speak to those of you who did not support my decision to
send troops to Iraq: I have heard your disagreement, and I know how
deeply it is felt. Yet now there are only two options before our
country—victory or defeat. And the need for victory is larger than
any president or political party, because the security of our people is
in the balance. I do not expect you to support everything I do, but
tonight I have a request: Do not give in to despair, and do not give up
on this fight for freedom.
Americans can expect some things of me as well. My most solemn
responsibility is to protect our Nation, and that requires me to make
some tough decisions. I see the consequences of those decisions when I
meet wounded servicemen and women who cannot leave their hospital beds,
but summon the strength to look me in the eye and say they would do it
all over again. I see the consequences when I talk to parents who miss
a child so much—but tell me he loved being a soldier, he believed in
his mission ... and Mr. President, finish the job.
I know that some of my decisions have led to terrible loss - and not one
of those decisions has been taken lightly. I know this war is
controversial—yet being your President requires doing what I believe
is right and accepting the consequences. And I have never been more
certain that America's actions in Iraq are essential to the security of
our citizens, and will lay the foundation of peace for our children and
Next week, Americans will gather to celebrate Christmas and Hanukkah.
Many families will be praying for loved ones spending this season far
from home—in Iraq, Afghanistan, or other dangerous places. Our Nation
joins in those prayers. We pray for the safety and strength of our
troops. We trust, with them, in a love that conquers all fear, and a
light that reaches the darkest corners of the Earth. And we remember
the words of the Christmas carol, written during the Civil War: "God is
not dead, nor [does] He sleep; the Wrong shall fail, the Right prevail,
with peace on Earth, good-will to men."
Thank you, and good night.
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